Humboldt Penguin


More info: The Humboldt Penguin is native to the coast of Peru and Chile. It is found close to the Humboldt current, which is a cold ocean current containing lots of nutrients and sustaining lots of fish. It is a medium-sized penguin and easily recognisable by the black band of feathers across its chest. Females are slightly smaller than males, but otherwise look very similar. They also have pink patches on their face and feet and the underside of their wings which are bare skin patches which help keep the birds cool in a warmer climate.

The Humboldt Penguin is a carnivore with a diet based on small fish, like anchovies and sardines, as well as squids and krill. Humboldt penguins can reach speeds of 20 to 30 miles per hour in the water and dive to a depth of 492 feet to find food.

On land, a group of penguins is called a waddle, a colony, a rookery or a penguinery. In the water, a group of penguins is called a raft.

Video showing Humboldt penguins at Paradise Park, Cornwall:

Additional Information:
  • Humboldt Penguin, Spheniscus humboldti - eBird -
  • Humboldt Penguin Spheniscus humboldti - Bird Life Data Zone -
  • Penguin Species - Penguins International -
  • Humboldt Penguin - Seaworld -
  • Humboldt Penguin - Population and Habitat Viability Assessment Workshop -