Afican Penquins at Maryland Zoo


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  • Location: Maryland Zoo, Baltimore, United States
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  • Info: Live streaming African penguin webcam at Maryland Zoo in Baltimore. The Maryland Zoo maintains the largest colony of African penguins in North America.

More info: The African penguin is found in the wild along the rocky coastline of southwest Africa, in the countries of South Africa and Namibia. It is found nowhere else in the world. Its range is restricted to a relatively small area where water temperature does not fluctuate much.

African penguins live in large colonies and spend their days at sea feeding and their nights gathered together on shore. Their diet consists of small fish such as sardines and anchovies, as well as small crustaceans and squid. Each penguin eats about one pound of fish per day. They absorb water as well as nutrients from their diet, but also are adapted to drink salt water. All penguins have highly developed glands over their eyes which filter salts out of sea water.

Predators of African penguins are sharks, Cape fur seals, and occasionally killer whales.

Video showing African penguins at Maryland Zoo:

Additional Information:
  • African Penguin, Fact Sheet: Summary - San Diego Zoo Wildlife Alliance Library
  • Sphenisciformes, penguins - Animal Diversity Web -
  • Spheniscus demersus, jackass penguin - Animal Diversity Web -