The griffon vulture can be found over most of Europe, North Africa, Middle East, through Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, and into Nepal. The largest population occurs in Spain.
In 2012, the Griffon Vulture population reached an unprecedented and dangerous low. In the winter (February) and summer (June) counts, 110 and 146 Griffon Vultures were counted respectively. In 2020 there was a significant increase in the numbers with 184 vultures recorded in the winter count and 206 in the summer count. There was also a positive trend in the breeding results. In 2012, the number of nests decreased to 33, and in 2020, 48 nests were recorded. Furthermore, out of the 206 individuals counted in June 2020, some were identified — 22 were natives coming from the captive breeding nucleus and 10 were vultures rescued in Spain, which were transported and released in Israel after being rehabilitated.