The Sabi Sand Reserve is a group of reserves that can be found nestled along a portion of the western region of the Kruger National Park. The reserve shares its 65,000 hectares with the unfenced 50 kilometer boundary with the Kruger Park.
It is located in the province of Mpumalanga and is named after the rivers that are nearby. The Sabi River lies on the southern border, and the Sand River flows directly through the reserve. The Sabi River is part of the Komati River System and has a catchment area of some 6, 320 square kilometres. It rises in the Drakensberg range of mountains and flows eastward through Mpumalanga Province to the low-lying bushveld regions. It crosses the Greater Kruger National Park and flows on to Mozambique where it exits into the massive Corumana Dam.
The Sabi Sand Reserve boasts over 145 species of mammal, 110 reptile species and 30 plus amphibian species as well as 500 plus bird species and over 330 tree species. The area is not only rich in game but also cultural history with many archaeological sites on the reserve bearing testimony of inhabitants from as far back as the Stone and Iron Age.